Cannabis School by MedPayRx

The Lowdown on Cannabinoids

About Cannabis School

 You have probably heard a great deal about cannabis lately. No matter where you are. Countries are legalizing the drug for medical purposes all over the world. This includes Canada, Israel, Australia, Venezuela, Uruguay, and many European countries.

Germany, however, is the largest medical market in the world after Canada. Some believe it may actually be bigger. And Germany is now moving forward on implementing a medical cannabis program. It is brand new, and was authorized by the German government in March 2017.

Alot of people, starting with doctors and patients, have many questions about this drug.

We hope to provide you with some basic, general information for educational purposes only. We as the core team at MedPayRx are not doctors, nor are we “advocating” or “prescribing” anything. However, we do recognize the medical efficacy of marijuana, as is now the law in Germany, and we want to help educate you a bit about it. Our application is being designed to help patients legally obtain this drug, among others, and help lower the cost and time of prescribing and covering all of  their prescription drug needs.

Glossary of Terms

There are many new things and words to learn when one learns about cannabis. We have provided a brief glossary of some of the terms you are likely to encounter frequently as you learn about the medical use of cannabis.

Bong – A bong is a water pipe used to smoke cannabis. The cannabis smoke is filtered through a water layer before producing a great deal of cannabinoid-infused smoke which is then inhaled. Bongs are very similar to shisha pipes. Many medical users prefer to use them because of the filtered smoke.

Bud cannabis – This usually refers to cannabis that is in its more or less raw form. This is available as a prescribed narcotic in Germany. Many patients also prefer to use raw cannabis rather than processed into something else. It is not known how this will develop in the future. Many patients in the United States have been forced to take pills instead of raw plant. In Germany, bud cannabis is currently classified as an unprocessed substance. Pharmacies currently also charge a special surcharge to prepare it before sale.

Cannabis – A broad term that usually refers to the plant itself. It can also be used to describe just THC-containing buds, but that is rapidly becoming outmoded. Cannabis sativa is the genus name of the plant.

Cannabinoids – Chances are you have probably heard of cannabis and cannabinoids, but can you name them all? Cannabinoids are chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. The most researched so far is THC, followed by CBD, but there are many other yet to be studied cannabinoids, and many, it is assumed, also have specific medical uses.

CBD – Cannabidiol is of the many non-psycho-active cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. Entourage Effect – This is a theory that is advancing in cannabis medical research. It holds that consumed with other substances or food, the impact and medical effect of cannabinoids can also be naturally increased. For example, consuming cannabis with tropical citrus fruit like mango, appears to make the impact of THC more intense and effective.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS) – This is a system of receptors – called CB1 and CB2, located throughout the brain, body and nervous system. The body produces its own cannabinoids naturally. However when ingested from other sources, cannabinoids then bind to these receptors. In turn the receptors send signals that can help reduce pain, depression, muscle spasticity, nausea and inflammation. The ECS was discovered by Israeli scientist Raphael Mechoulam.

Getting High – This is a term that is widely misused in a medical setting. The term refers to the euphoria that many recreational users feel after ingesting THC. Many medical patients in fact, do not feel “high” or euphoria, but rather just pain or other symptom relief.

Hash – Hash or hashish is a form of compressed, processed cannabis concentrate. It is not commonly prescribed for medical use yet, but that may change as more is understood about how concentrates work in medical environments. For the most part however, this is still viewed in Germany anyway, as a recreational form of the drug.

HybridMost strains of cannabis, particularly those bred for medical use, are hybrids of several kinds of cannabis. This is most commonly a mix of indica and sativa strains. However it can also include a kind of native strain of cannabis called Landrace cannabis.

Indica – This is one of two “flavours” of cannabis. This kind of cannabis tends to create a heavy body “stone” or effect. Many kinds of medical use marijuana are indica strains, or indica dominant hybrids. This is the kind of cannabis that can create “couch lock.”

Landrace StrainsLandrace cannabis strains are highly sought after, naturally occurring, rare cannabis strains. They are sought by strain hunters who today comb the globe in search of these rare genetic outliers.

Microdosing – This is the practice of ingesting small amounts of cannabis on a regular basis to treat a certain condition. It is also used by many medical users to limit the psychoactive side effects commonly caused by certain kinds of medications, including cannabis.

Sativa – This is the other “flavour” of cannabis. Sativa strains and dominant hybrids are used for people who suffer conditions that have mental elements as well. For example, chronic pain and PTSD patients frequently find that sativas lighten their mood as well as relieve pain. Most medical varieties of the plant available are hybrids. Terpenes – Terpenes in general, refer to the natural oils of any plant that produces them. In cannabis, terpene research is just beginning. However it is one of the arguments for whole plant as opposed to processed or synthetic medication. It is believed that terpinoids might actually influence how cannabinoids work in the human body.

THC – Tetrohydrocannabinol. This is the cannabinoid that is “psychoactive” for recreational users (although medical users frequently report this just gives them pain relief).

Vaping – Cannabis can be vaped, in oil form, much like tobacco. Cannabis vape liquid is not widely available in Germany yet, but it will be. There are many advocates of vaping cannabis over smoking it or inhaling from a bong.

Vaporizer – A vaporizer can look like an e-cigarette. Or it can look a bit more like a bong. However vaporizers are essentially electronic pipes that heat up cannabinoid infused liquid to a vapour form that can be inhaled.